Yes, it’s a day — today — that we here in the U. S. honor Labor.
It lacks the ideological component of May Day in Europe, the May 1 fete toasting workers of the world. But the idea is basically the same, to pay tribute to working stiffs of all persuasions.
What better way to spend Labor Day than to watch a classic film or two which celebrate the labor movement and the plight of those who toil for a living? Here are a few suggested Hollywood titles of all ages augmented by a most interesting — and largely unheralded — choice from overseas:
Why not try 1980’s Nine To Five, a comedy about three secretaries (Jane Fonda, Lily Tomlin and Dolly Parton) dealing with dimwitted bosses. Another comedy is the more recent Gung Ho, the 1986 social comedy starring Michael Keaton as a corporate minion who invites Japanese industrialists to revive his hometown manufacturing plant only to find himself mired in social and cultural misunderstandings.
One of our favorite comedies about the labor movement is The Devil and Miss Jones. That 1941 comedy with Jean Arthur, Charles Coburn (above left and right) and Robert Cummings about young employees in a department store who are trying to form a union is the perfect combination of entertainment and social messaging.
But perhaps you prefer drama. The obvious choices include the 1940 classic The Grapes of Wrath, 1979’s Norma Rae and 1982’s Silkwood. All are first class films with first class performances and solid direction.
Norma Rae stars Sally Field in another Oscar-winning performance as a poor Southern textile mill worker who embraces the union movement. Silkwood directed by Mike Nichols stars Meryl Streep as a real life whistle blower who spills the beans about working in a plutonium processing plant, and pays a steep price. And let’s not forget Nichols’ terrific 1988 office satire, Working Girl, co-starring Melanie Griffith and Harrison Ford. One of the director’s best.
Frank’s pick as the most cutting Labor Day movie ever is writer/director Mike Judge’s often overlooked 1999 comedy, Office Space, starring Ron Livingston. It’s about a group of frustrated computer specialists locked in their cubicles and tormented by a nightmarish corporate boss played with superb realism by Gary Cole. The movie’s official tagline? “Work Sucks.”
We are saving the best for last: Italian director Mario Monicelli’s 1963 beauty, I Compagni (The Organizer), starring Marcello Mastroianni (shown in character in the photo above and in mufti in the one at the top of this blog)) as a professorial union organizer who flourishes both personally and professionally by inspiring put-upon workers at a turn-of-the-twentieth century textile factory in Turin to band together for workers rights.
The ideological slant here is softened by inventive comic and romantic elements. Enjoy Mastroianni’s character transformation from shy, bumbling professor to inspiring and forceful leader. Wonderful acting. A bonus is Giuseppe Rotunno’s striking B&W cinematography.
And one more thing: Comedy, or drama, see a classic film this Labor Day. Watch John Raitt and Doris Day (above)in 1957’s The Pajama Game. Threatened employees at the troubled Village Voice alternative newspaper in Manhattan screened this very picture at a theatrical event designed to raise money for a strike fund. Alas, to no avail. (The publication is now set to close down entirely)